2020-1-18

登山宝训——作主门徒ABC
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马太福音第六章

施舍(6:1-4)—— 通过第五章的教导,门徒们开始明白主期许他们什么,希望他们行出什么。这些好行为(5:3-12)都带着天国子民的模式,圣灵的印记,自然格外引人注目。

主却提醒他们:这些好行为,不是为个人卖弄,以哗众取宠,以藉此而出人头地。“你们要小心,不可将善事行在人的面前,故意叫他们看见。若是这样,就不能得你们天父的赏赐了。”这是最简单不过、人却最容易忘记的赏赐原理,为个人出人头地,你的赏赐就是自己挣的出人头地;明天、后天、犯不着多久,出人头地可以变成声名狼藉。但若为天父的荣耀,赏赐自天父来,未必立即兑现,却绝对可靠,就如属灵先贤们“从远处望见,且欢喜迎接”(来11:23)主耶稣勉励门徒们选择后者。

祷告(6:5-15)—— 第六章共有34节经文,主耶稣教导门徒祷告的经文几乎占了一半。而论祷告的位置,处于五、六、七三章的中间。不应看作偶然。马太福音的初始读者对象是犹太人,犹太文学作品的高潮营造,处在作品篇幅的中间而非前后。所以,论祷告其实正是登山宝训中的顶峰之作。这提醒我们,作为主的门徒,我们属灵生活的中心是:祷告。

9-13节通常被不正确地称作 “主祷文”。根据内容,这应被译为“主示范祷告”。主教导我们如何祷告。祷告第一要紧的,是位份的确立,如此,我们晓得谁在诉说,谁在垂听。原文中,“天上”一字uvranoi/j 是众数。仅此一样,我们就当俯伏敬拜。人知一个天,以此便夜郎自大;天父却无所不在于天外天,九重天,不知几层天!

“愿你的国降临,愿你的旨意行在地上,如同行在天上”,是表达我们愿意完全顺服,神的国(完全掌管)降临在我们的生命中。

“我们日用的饮食,今日赐给我们”。然后,我们是不是到了为牛油面包祷告的时候?路德认为:日用的饮食,指维持生命所需各样,如食物、健康、阳光空气、房屋家居、妻小,乃至健全的政府与和平环境。

“免我们的债,如同我们免了人的债”。这祷告与5:44-48 关于爱仇敌的教导相关,仇敌一定欠我们的债,但因为我们爱仇敌,为他们祷告,我们免了仇敌的债,就如主耶稣免了我们的债一般(罗5:8)。

“不叫我们遇见试探,(并且)救我们脱离凶恶”(其中“并且”据原文加上)是和合本圣经中由对原文透彻理解而来的上佳翻译。各位如果有兴趣,请阅读本文英文部分的分析。 “因为国度,权柄,荣耀,全是你的,直到永远。阿们。”祷告以最高赞美结束。

禁食(16-18)—— 今天的教会不怎强调禁食祷告。究竟禁食祷告有什么意义呢?原来,禁食让我们把身体所需先放下来,藉拒绝身体所需,我们从“所需”的奴仆成为“所需”的主人,实现全身心灵的专注在祷告神这单一的要务上。

积财宝在天(19-24)—— 时下社会,奉“双赢”作事业、为人、处事等的最高境界,不想主耶稣时代,犹太人社会的聪明人就已晓得“双赢”。主耶稣却说:不!“一个人不能事奉两个主。不是恶这个爱那个,就是重这个轻那个。你们不能又事奉神,又事奉玛门。” 我们努力工作,努力奉献,也把财宝积攒在天上。

不要忧虑(25-34)—— 请再次注意25节的“所以”。这一段,其实是上一段的继续。在地上拼命积攒财宝,反映人的忧虑。有一次与一对爱主的年轻夫妇交谈,他们坦诚地表示没有遵守十一奉献。“穷怕了”。

主耶稣以万有主宰之尊,要门徒们不要为生命的吃喝、身体的衣着忧虑。他列举天上的飞鸟和野地的花作例子。它们无忧虑,完全遵从天父安排,所以天父所赐给他们的天香国色,比所罗门的绫罗绸缎更高贵。飞鸟和花的顺服,让它们成为天父信实和慈爱的活见证。只有人会为明天忧虑。如果我们也加入到外邦人忧虑的行列,就连飞鸟和百合花都不如了。主应许说:“你们要先求他的国和他的义。这些东西都要加给你们了。”

什么是天父的国?广义上说,是神对天地万物朝代迭更的主权和管治。什么是天父的义?广义上说,绝对公义是天父无限的完美属性之一(除此还有他其实我们的慈爱、永恒、全知、全能、全善……,等等)。我们只管在神的国和义中,尽心尽性尽意尽力爱神、信靠神、顺服神、敬拜神,不必作小人的怀土之忧,说,吃什么?喝什么?穿什么?爱我们的父坐拥万有。忧些甚?

限于篇幅,这是一些简单分享。更详尽的查考,请访问网址: https://shinelikesta.blogspot.com/      —- David Yip

Sermon on the Mount — Discipleship ABC

Matthew Chapter 6

Giving to the Needy (1-4) — In chapter 5 the Lord pronounced to his disciples of his expectation to them, their new life, their new mindset, and their good works and deeds. They carry the hallmark of the citizens of heavenly kingdom and the birthmark of the Holy Spirit. All these will be looked afresh to the conservative social environment and everyone’s attention drawn.

The Lord anxiously warns them about the potential danger: this is not done for surprises to attract people and to boost your fame.  “Be careful not to do your ‘acts of righteousness’ before men, to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven.” A simple truth, but people are often ignorant about this. Working for one’s own fame, you might earn but what you want, sooner or later what you’ve earned will fade away. But if our good work is for the glory of our heavenly Father, He will surely reward us. It may not be instant. Sooner or later, regardless, for sure He will bestow. The Lord tells us to choose to the latter.

Prayer (6:5-15) — There are totally 34 verses in chapter 6, out of them the Lord’s teaching in prayer occupies almost half. Moreover, this section is physically located in the middle of chapters 5, 6, and 7 combined. Not a coincident, note that the original readers of the Gospel are Jewish, and the Jewish literature arranges the summit of the writings in the middle part of it. Therefore, the teaching of prayer is arranged as the center of all the teachings in Sermon on the Mount, remining us that the center of our spiritual life is: PRAYER.

Verses 9-13 is labeled as The Lord’s Prayer but is unfortunately off what it really is.  According to the content, this should be called “The Lord Teaches Us in the Topic of Prayer”, or something alike. One is advised to pay attention to the coordinate conjunction “therefore” which starts the teaching on the topic of prayer. This shows us that our Lord’s teaching is against the main stream culture,which takes prayer as a media for personal show off or as the practice of the pagan theology (5-8) The two main persons in our prayer are the Father and us, and the Father is always the center of our prayer. Therefore, we must be careful to not put ourselves to be the focal point. Instead, the Father is.

Fasting (16-18) — Not often churches today practice fasting. Why do we fast? Fasting helps us to lay aside our natural physical needs which petition us to satisfy. In that relationship we are slaves. Now with fasting, we become masters. In turn we are the slaves of our heavenly Master and we focus on him while we pray.

Treasures in Heaven (19-24) — Nowadays the world often provokes the so-called win-win strategy, not knowing that the clever Jewish knew about this strategy in the N.T. period. The Lord, however, rebukes it. “No one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money.” So let’s work hard to earn, and work hard to give to the Lord. Our treasures in heaven will increase.

Do not Worry (25-34) — Notice the “therefore” in v.25, this makes the teaching an expansion of the previous. To store up treasures on earth reflects one’s worry.

The Lord concludes: “But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.” Certainly, we are familiar with this teaching. But what is the kingdom of God, and what is the righteousness of God? Macroscopically, we maintain that represents God’s sovereignty and in charge of the physical heaven and earth and the metaphysical eras in human history. And likewise, the absolute righteousness is one of the infinitely many perfect attributes of God. In God’s kingdom and righteousness, we adore him by “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind.” We do not do what the pagans do.

A more focused study is presented on the webpage and you are welcome to visit.

https://shinelikesta.blogspot.com/      —- David Yip

 

 

 

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